Caramba, still missed! The European Union wanted to secure the Ukraine by proposing an association agreement and trade. The text to be signed at a summit on 28 and 29 November in Vilnius, attended by many Heads of State and Government of the Twenty-Eight, FranÃ§ois Hollande. Canceled last week, so little time before the ceremonies, is a blow to the Europeans, which provide yet "keep the door open to Ukraine." It also marks the failure of a strategy framework for the EU's relations with its immediate neighbors. Because the announced death of the Eastern Partnership follows a fiasco of the Union for the Mediterranean, dear to Nicolas Sarkozy.
Neighborhood policy of the EU aims, says one diplomatic service of the "foreign minister" of the EU, Catherine Ashton, "to strengthen relations with its neighbors to the east and south to promote prosperity, stability and security at the borders of the EU. " The docking of Ukraine to Europe, through an association agreement and trade, is part of the Eastern part of this concept and seeks to regulate relations between the EU and several countries around Russia. This initiative was unacceptable to Moscow has always considered Ukraine as part of its sphere of influence. So, Vladimir Putin launched the offensive. It has imposed enormous pressure on Kiev, denounced by many capitals.
Finally, Ukraine decided to turn to Russia, who invited him to join its customs union project. "This is an irreversible loss for Ukraine," laments the Polish government, very favorable to reconciliation in this country of 46 million inhabitants at its borders. "The release of Ukraine's Eastern Partnership, which no longer concerns that Georgia and Moldova, empty project of its substance. This is the idea of ​​a regional policy for Europe is that falls into the water, "says Steven Blockmans, foreign policy specialist at the Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS).
"There was a project, but not much inside," condemns MEP Alain Lamassoure. Longtime elected to the European Parliament, the UMP Lamassoure is also very critical vis-Ã -vis another failure of the EU: the Union for the Mediterranean. Designed by Henri Guaino, who claimed to have "more in common with a Tunisian with a Danish", the Union for the Mediterranean was carried by Nicolas Sarkozy when flagship project held the rotating presidency of the EU in 2008 . Soon, the concept was narrowed by Angela Merkel, who did not want a new "gadget" that could compete in European construction. Despite the lack of support and even skepticism by other heads of state and government, Nicolas Sarkozy had persisted, relying on two dictators to launch his Union for the Mediterranean with great pomp in Paris to Summer 2008: the Egyptian Hosni Mubarak and Tunisian President Ben Ali.
"The concept shared by all States of the Mediterranean region was romantic interests, but impossible to achieve in today's world, Alain Lamassoure analysis. Can not make the same table Arabs and Israelis in the absence of a settlement the conflict in the Middle East. Similarly, how to create a trade zone in the region, while Algeria and Morocco virtually no trade with each other and compete on Western Sahara? " The project "lacked substance. He was not well enough thought," says Steven Blockmans. Recently, FranÃ§ois Hollande tried to breathe new breath of life to the patient in a coma, promoting the role and place of women in the Mediterranean. But it is far from the original concept-oriented trade, energy and ecology of the area.
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